I’ve been seeing in the clinic an increased amount of clients diagnosed with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). It’s a diagnosis that many of heard of, but few understand the etiology of it and most importantly, what can a person do about it? What is CTS?!
CTS is the most common nerve compression disorder of the upper extremity. It falls under the category of repetitive strain disorders, which are the nation’s most common and costly occupational health problem (repetitive-strain.com). With CTS, the median nerve and tendons become compressed in the carpal tunnel.
What may be causing the nerve to be compressed in the carpal tunnel?
- Swelling in the wrist (due to trauma or injury)
- Repetitive gripping or wrist flexion
- Repeated use of vibration (such as when using vacuums, power drills, etc.)
- Fluid retention during pregnancy or menopause
- Development of cyst or tumor in the carpal tunnel
- External compressive forces (tight bracelets, watches, wrist rests for mouse)
- Burning, tingling, or itching numbness in the palm of the hand and fingers
- Fingers feel useless or swollen
- Swelling in the hand or fingers
- Needing to shake out your hand in the morning
- Difficulty grasping objects
- Atrophy of thumb muscles
The Bureau of Labor Statistics listed these occupations as having a higher incidence of CTS:
- General office clerks
- Bookkeeping, accounting, auditing clerks
- Data-entry employees
- Welders, cutters
- Truck drivers
- Janitors and cleaners
If you think you may have CTS:
- Think about activities which requires repetitive motions, then take more breaks in between the task!
- Ask your manager for an ergonomic assessment for your work station
- Wear an appropriate night splint to avoid sleeping with your wrists curled in
- See a hand therapist who will teach you how to protect your hand from activities that may be causing the symptoms, as well as teach you stretches and use modalities to treat the pain
If caught early, CTS does not require surgery! In fact…
According to the National Center for Health Statistics, approximately 260,000 carpal tunnel release operations are performed each year (repetitive-strain). However, 57% of the patients had a return of pre-operative symptoms (is that statistic for real?!), such as pain, numbness, and tingling beginning an average of 2 years after surgery. In addition to the possible residual symptoms after surgery, patients also reported poor to fair strength and long-term scar discomfort post-surgery (Nancollas, 1995).
So, instead of opting for the knife, try a less invasive approach and see your local hand therapist who will treat your symptoms and, most importantly, teach you how to prevent further damage to your hand!
If you’re in Eastern WA, check out our hand clinic at therapy-solutions.us, where we will treat your hand for the full hour
Thanks again for checking out this site!
Nancollas, MP, Peimer, CA, Wheeler, DR, Sherwin FS. Long-term results of carpal tunnel release. Journal of Hand Surgery: Journal of the British Society for Surgery of the Hand. 1995 Aug, 20(4): 470-474.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. July 2012. Retrieved from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/carpal_tunnel/detail_carpal_tunnel.htm#3049_5
National & International Statistics for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Repetitive Strain Injuries of the Upper Extremity. Balance Systems, Inc. Retrieved from http://repetitive-strain.com/national.html.